Finland had been created a Grand Duchy of Russia in 1809 following the defeat of Sweden by Russian and French forces. But towards the end of the 19th century the programme of Russification provoked a conservative nationalist movement which became the focus of cultural activity. Architecture played a key role in this movement known as National Romanticism - and this set includes the most important buildings by the leading architects of the period, Gesellius, Lindgren, Saarinen and Lars Sonck. Their work combines influences from international Jugendstil, the English Arts and Crafts and the Massive neo-Romanesque of H.H. Richardson, with motifs drawn from vernacular timber buildings and Medieval stone churches and castles.
The favoured materials were native granite and timber, and many of the buildings are decorated with the work of the leading artists and craftsmen of the period. The work of Erik Bryggman is also included in this set of slides. However, the work of Alvar Aalto can be found in Alvar Aalto (1898 - 1976).
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